March 18, 2021
Items E-1 and E-2: Order and Notice of inquiry addressing Participation of Aggregators of Retail Demand Response Customers in Markets Operated by RTOs and ISOs (RM18-9-002, RM21-14-000) News Release | Presentation | Order No. 2222-A | NOI
January 19, 2021
Item E-15: FERC Order to RTOs and ISOs Directing Report on Hybrid Resources (AD20-9-000) Order
Regional Transmission Organizations/Independent System Operators
Independent System Operators (ISO) grew out of Orders Nos. 888/889 where the Commission suggested the concept of an Independent System Operator as one way for existing tight power pools to satisfy the requirement of providing non-discriminatory access to transmission. Subsequently, in Order No. 2000, the Commission encouraged the voluntary formation of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTO) to administer the transmission grid on a regional basis throughout North America (including Canada). Order No. 2000 delineated twelve characteristics and functions that an entity must satisfy in order to become a Regional Transmission Organization.
Energy Price Formation
FERC implemented Price Formation Fixes for Organized Markets and Information on Market Rules and Operational Practices.